双语|谭宝政府取得了哪些政绩?Prime Minister, what’s going on?

0
分享
双语|谭宝政府取得了哪些政绩?Prime Minister, what’s going on?
前言

澳大利亚政府委员会(Council of Australian Governments ,COAG)近日举行了其第45次会议。会议议程反应了澳大利亚政治管理体系的政务重点。

在澳大利亚的体系中,联邦政府主要通过税收获得财政收入,这些财政收入又被分配给联邦政府的各个部门以及各个州和领地。财政收入的分配有一个固定的方案,但或许你可以想象到,没有任何一个利益相关者会对分配结果感到完全满意。总是会有人想要改变这个分配方案,使其变得更加公平。

教育
谭宝联盟政府的一个重要成绩是首次为中小学建立了一个全国性、以需求为基础的拨款体系。现在的任务是确保这些集体投资能够带来更好的结果。

Malcolm Turnbull总理期待短期内收到David Gonski的“改善澳大利亚中小学教学成果”报告,和澳大利亚政府委员会的成员一起,保证澳大利亚的孩子们接受世界一流的教育。

 

卫生
澳大利亚政府委员会达成了一致意见,今年要制定长期的医院拨款计划。政府也提供了一笔不小的资金,以维持稳定性。这和目前的安排没有冲突,而且会持续到2025年,到时会再提供300亿澳元。为了改善所有澳大利亚人的医疗条件和健康状况,澳大利亚需要怎样的改革(尤其是偏远地区),政府期待对此进行讨论。

 

金融体系
议会通过了一项立法,决定建立澳大利亚金融投诉局(Australian Financial Complaints Authority,AFCA),上百万的澳大利亚消费者和小企业成为了赢家。

收入和金融服务部长Kelly O’Dwyer以及小企业和家族企业部长Craig Laundy表示,《财政法修正案(将消费者放在第一位——建立澳大利亚金融投诉局)》通过之后,更多的消费者和小企业将能够享受免费、快速、有约束力的争端处理机制。

AFCA将提供一站式服务,保证消费者在处理和银行、保险公司、养老金公司和小额贷款公司的争端时得到更公平的待遇,免去上法庭的费用和麻烦。这是政府期待的成果。但如果争端无法解决,消费者还是可以选择上法庭。

谭宝联盟政府还拓展了AFCA处理的争端范围,增加了消费者获得赔偿的可能性。政府还将建立一个AFCA过渡团队,由前任澳大利亚储备银行副行长Malcolm Edey博士担任主席。

小企业的定义也将拓宽,任何员工人数少于100的企业都可以找AFCA投诉。初级生产商里的小企业——根据1997年《所得税评估法》的定义——可以获得最高200万澳元的赔偿。收入保险产品争端的最高赔偿金从每月8300澳元增加到每月13400澳元。未上保险的第三方机动车赔偿最高额度从5000澳元增加到15000澳元。一般保险经纪人争端的单独赔偿最高额从17.4万澳元增加到25万澳元。

这个新的AFCA计划将大大造福小企业和初级生产商,因为它们可以获得的赔偿额度大大增加了,小企业的定义也更加灵活了。

谭宝政府将小企业定义为员工人数少于100人的企业,并将初级生产商里的小企业可以获得的赔偿额度增加到了200万澳元。

根据Edey博士提供的专业建议,政府决定AFCA将于2018年11月1日之前开始处理争端。为了实现平稳过度,政府想要在2018年3月15日向财政部提交AFCA计划之前建立一个非盈利公司暂时负责实施该项目。

计划书里需要说明该计划将如何满足立法中的授权要求,为消费者和金融服务行业提供公平、独立、便捷、负责、高效的争端解决服务。

 

政府取得了进步吗?
谭宝政府并没有很有效地传达其取得的进步和成果。一部分是因为其“就业和增长”的口号盖过了其他的一切。但是教育、卫生和金融体系的进步呢?

 

你认为Malcolm Turnbull总理的政绩足以让他继任下一任总理吗?

  1. 是的
  2. 或许吧
  3. 不行

请留言发表您的观点!

『原文』

 Education, Health, Business, Consumer; Prime Minister, what’s going on?

The latest Council of Australian Governments (COAG) is the 45th meeting of the never-ending series. Its agenda reflects the priorities of Australia’s political governance system.

In the Australian system the Federal Government raises most of its money through taxes, that then gets distributed back to its Federal Government Departments and the States and Territories. There is an agreed formula for this, but as you can imagine none of the stakeholders are ever fully happy with the result. There is always a call from someone to change the formula to make it fairer.

 

Education

One of the achievements is the Turnbull Coalition Government has delivered the Commonwealth is a national, consistent needs-based funding approach for schools, for the first time ever. The challenge now is to make sure the collective investment improves results.

The Prime Minister, Malcolm Turnbull looks forward to receiving David Gonski’s ‘Achieving Educational Excellence in Australians Schools’ report shortly and working together with everyone at COAG to make sure Australian children receive a world-class education.

 

Health

COAG also agreed to settle long-term hospital funding arrangements this year and the Government has put forward a generous funding offer that provides stability and certainty. It’s entirely consistent with the current arrangements and it goes out to 2025, with an additional $30 billion. In fact, it’ll be more than that, over that period. So, the Government looks forward to discussing the reforms Australia needs to undertake to improve patient choice and health outcomes for all Australians, especially in regional and remote Australia.

 

Financial System

Outside from COAG, just through the Federal Turnbull Coalition Government legislating, Millions of Australian consumers and small businesses are big winners, with the passage of legislation to establish the Australian Financial Complaints Authority (AFCA), and confirmation of how access to the new body will be significantly increased.

The Minister for Revenue and Financial Services, the Hon Kelly O’Dwyer MP, and Minister for Small and Family Business, the Hon Craig Laundy MP, said significantly more consumers and small businesses will have access to free, fast and binding dispute resolution following the passage of the Treasury Laws Amendment (Putting Consumers First – Establishment of the Australian Financial Complaints Authority) Bill.

AFCA will provide a one-stop shop to ensure consumers get a fair deal in resolving disputes with banks, insurers, super funds and small amount credit providers, without the expense, inconvenience, and trauma associated with going to court, that is the desired outcome. Court however is always an option.

The Turnbull Government is also increasing access to redress by widening the range of disputes that AFCA will be able to hear, in line with the recommendations of the AFCA Transition Team, chaired by Dr Malcolm Edey, former Assistant Governor of the Reserve Bank of Australia (RBA).

These include the definition of a small business will be relaxed, so that any business with fewer than 100 staff can access AFCA; small business primary production producers – defined in accordance with the Income Tax Assessment Act 1997 – will have access to compensation of up to $2 million for disputes about credit facilities of up to $5 million; the cap on income stream insurance product disputes will be increased from $8,300 to $13,400 per month; the cap on uninsured third party motor vehicle claims will increase from $5,000 to $15,000; and the separate compensation cap for general insurance broker disputes will be increased from $174,000 to $250,000.

Small businesses and primary producers will overwhelmingly benefit from the new AFCA scheme, with significant increases in the compensation available and a more flexible definition of a small business.

The Turnbull Government has enhanced access to AFCA by redefining a small business as any business with fewer than 100 employees, and by lifting the compensation available to those small businesses that are primary producers to $2 million.

Based on the expert advice of Dr Edey, the Government has decided that AFCA will start receiving disputes from no later than 1 November 2018. To achieve a smooth transition, the Government is seeking a proposal for a not-for-profit company to operate the AFCA scheme to be lodged with Treasury by 15 March 2018.

A proposal will need to demonstrate how the scheme will meet the requirements for authorisation set out in the legislation to provide a fair, independent, accessible, accountable, efficient and effective dispute resolution service for consumers and the financial services industry.

 

Enough Progress?

The Turnbull Government has not been very effective in communicating its progress and achievements. This may be partly due to the continuing and repetitive Jobs and Growth slogan, that drowns out everything else. But what about the just mentioned progress in Education, Health and the Financial System?

Given these achievements, do you think the Prime Minister Malcolm Turnbull is making enough progress to deserve another term in Government?

A.    Yes?

B.    Maybe?

C.    No?

Please make a comment!

作者AuthorRoger Hausmann – Federal Parliamentary Journalist澳洲联邦记者

本文翻译Translator:周吉吉Julie

本文编辑Editor:周吉吉Julie、千千Coco