双语|偏远地区农业企业迎来春天Australian agriculture, not just small potatoes!

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双语|偏远地区农业企业迎来春天Australian agriculture, not just small potatoes!
 

前言
澳大利亚的农业部门很特别,从寒冷的南部到炎热的北部,有很多不同的农作物。然而澳大利亚的农业不只满足了国内的食品供应,而且还出口到很多其他的国家。因此澳大利亚的农业对全球的整体食品供应提供了保障,包括中国。

那么,我们首先来看看全球市场中的马铃薯供应链,然后再来看看澳大利亚联邦政府通过偏远地区投资公司(Regional Investment Corporation, RIC)提供的一些经济和金融稳定措施。

澳大利亚马铃薯进入印尼市场
为了生产能在超市里售卖的大马铃薯,农民们要先购买“种用马铃薯”,也就是小马铃薯。维多利亚州和南澳州的种用马铃薯现在已经进入了印尼的市场。

双方在墨尔本签署了一项双边协议。

只有西澳洲的种用马铃薯进入过印尼市场,维多利亚州和南澳州的种用马铃薯生产商过去一直无法进入印尼市场。

现在南澳州和维多利亚州的种用马铃薯也可以进入印尼市场了,这两个州300多个种植种用马铃薯的农民可以互相庆贺了。

农业部长David Littleproud表示,进入印尼市场将为种植种用马铃薯的农民提供更多的机会,让他们能够在优质市场里和世界上最好的生产商们竞争。

农业贸易是谭宝联盟政府的一个重点。在这个问题上,政府的确有所作为,而不是像沙发上的土豆一样无所事事。

经过了一段时间的审议之后,联盟政府最终实现了这项出口协议。澳大利亚的农业贸易额为5.203亿澳元,联邦政府和州政府希望这项协议能将农业贸易推上新的高度。

协议的签署为维多利亚州和南澳州的种用马铃薯贸易铺平了道路。

这对于这两个州的农民来说是一个很好的结果。西澳洲种植种用马铃薯的农民通过对印尼的市场准入获得了很多好处,维州和南澳州的农民也一样。

澳大利亚和印尼的双边关系很紧密,2016-17年仅农业部门的双边贸易额就达到了42.8亿澳元。

澳大利亚是一个贸易大国,并且一直支持本国的农民将优质的产品以优质的价格出口到海外市场。

联盟政府已经和3个重要的农业出口市场国家签署了自由贸易协定,也就是日本、韩国和中国。还和一些有潜力的南美洲新兴市场国家签订了协议,比如秘鲁。

通过《农业竞争力白皮书》,澳大利亚投资了3080万澳元消除贸易壁垒,并在重要的小市场国家任命了5位新的农业参赞。

自2016年1月起,澳大利亚获得或者恢复了64个农业市场,还改善了对57个市场的准入情况。

偏远地区投资公司能够拯救农民吗?
这个月初,国会通过了一项新的立法。根据这项立法,北领地符合资格的农场企业能够获得偏远地区投资公司(Regional Investment Corporation, RIC)的直接贷款。

农业部长David Littleproud表示,RIC将刺激北领地的投资和经济增长,并进一步促进澳大利亚农村和偏远地区的投资和增长。

联盟政府建立偏远地区投资公司是因为自由党-国家党联盟,特别是国家党,相信政府应该给偏远地区群体带来更好的服务。RIC将帮助刺激澳大利亚偏远地区的投资和增长。

在RIC管理的20亿澳元农场企业优惠贷款项目下,农民可以直接获得贷款。这对于农民来说是一个巨大的好处。值得注意的是,在过去两年里,RIC建立之前,北领地没有任何农场企业获得过优惠贷款。

RIC将支持符合条件的农场企业,帮助他们建设和保持他们所在市场的多样性,帮助他们利用新的机会,并帮助他们度过困难时期,比如干旱。

RIC精简了农场企业贷款的管理程序,将在全澳大利亚持续实施。RIC还将负责管理国家水利基础设施贷款项目,确保重要的水利基础设施项目能够尽快完成。这些重要的措施将鼓励澳大利亚农村地区的经济增长、投资和适应力。

RIC将在7月份开始运行,但是6月30日之前,农场企业依然能够在现有的贷款安排下通过州立机构申请贷款。

 

你的观点!
农业部门具有很强的多样性,从城市里的大棚种植到更广泛的土地种植。但所有的农业部门都有一个共同点,那就是产品的短缺和过剩导致农产品价格和农民收入不停地上升和下降,有时候甚至会让农民选择退出市场。

 

RIC是联邦政府为了缓解这种不经济的状况而设立的,你同意吗?

  1. 同意
  2. 不同意
  3. 或许吧
  4. 不在乎

请留言发表您对RIC以及澳大利亚农业企业的看法!

 

『原文』

 Australian agriculture, not just small potatoes!

Australia has a very unique agricultural sector, from the cool south to the hot north. However, across this huge island or mini continent agriculture is not just the bedrock of the food supply for the nation but an important food exporter from the international perspective and thus an important buffer for the overall food supply situation on the whole planet, including China.

So, let’s look at the more technical supply chain side of potatoes in the world market first and then at some of the economic, financial stabilisation measures offered by the Australian Federal Government through the Regional Investment Corporation (RIC).

 

More than just chat’s, Australia sprouts new market for seed potatoes!

Seed potatoes are baby potatoes that get planted by farmers to produce the big potatoes sold in supermarkets. Seed potato producers in Victoria and South Australia have now market access to Indonesia.

The protocol was signed at a bilateral forum in Melbourne, Australia.

Only Western Australian seed potatoes previously had access, and Victoria and South Australia are major seed potato producers that have previously been excluded from the Indonesian market.

More than 300 seed potato farmers across South Australia and Victoria will now be celebrating after the breakthrough in securing new market access to Indonesia.

Federal Minister for Agriculture and Water Resources, David Littleproud, said delivering this market access would provide opportunities for seed potato farmers to now compete in premium markets with the best produce the world has to offer.

Agricultural trade is a priority for the Coalition Government and it is delivering, not just sitting around like couch potatoes on this issue.

The export protocol has been on the boil for a while and the Coalition Government finally got it over the line, this will take an industry with a current production value of $520.3 million, to new heights the Federal and State Governments hopes.

The signing paves the way for trade in seed potatoes from Victoria and South Australia to commence as soon as possible, whenever farmers are ready.

The industry believes that this is a fantastic result for farmers in these two states as major seed potato producers build on current seed potato access for Western Australia.

Australia and Indonesia have a strong bilateral partnership, with two-way trade worth $4.28 billion in 2016-17 in agriculture alone.

Australia is a trading nation and continues to support farmers as they sell premium produce for premium prices to overseas markets.

The Coalition Government has secured free-trade agreements with three significant agriculture export markets, namely Japan, Korea and China and potential new markets in South America, like Peru, part of a new Free Trade Agreement recently concluded.

Through the Agricultural Competitiveness White Paper, Australia is investing $30.8 million to break down technical barriers to trade and appointed five new agricultural counsellors in key small markets.

In the agriculture portfolio since January 2016, Australia has had 64 key market access gains or restorations, along with 57 key market access improvements or actions to maintain market access.

 

Will the Regional Investment Corporation be able to rescue farmers?

Eligible farm businesses in the Northern Territory will benefit from direct access to loans through the Regional Investment Corporation (RIC), under new legislation passed earlier this month in Canberra.

Federal Minister for Agriculture and Water Resources, David Littleproud, said the RIC would fuel investment and growth for example in the Northern Territory, and right across rural and regional Australia.

The Coalition Government committed to establishing the RIC because the Coalition, particularly the National Party believe in regional communities and believe in bringing services closer. The RIC will help spur investment and growth in regional Australia.

Farmers will be able to directly access loans administered through the RIC under the $2 billion farm business concessional loans program, this is a huge win for those on the agricultural business frontline. It is interesting to note that before the RIC not one concessional loan has been delivered to farm businesses in the Northern Territory over the past two years.

The RIC will support eligible farm businesses by helping them build and maintain diversity in the markets they supply, to take advantage of new and emerging opportunities and manage through difficult periods like droughts.

The streamlined administration of farm business loan arrangements through the RIC will be delivered consistently across Australia to help producers. RIC will also administer the National Water Infrastructure Loan Facility to ensure water infrastructure projects on the high priority list can be completed as quickly as possible. These are critical initiatives which will encourage growth, investment and resilience in Australia’s rural communities.

The RIC will launch in July, but until 30 June, farm businesses can still access concessional loans under the existing loans schemes through the Northern Territory and state delivery agencies.

 

Your Take!

Agriculture is a diverse business, from sheltered cropping in cities to broad acre farming, but one thing is in common shortages and oversupply keep prices and returns going up and down, at times so much so to put producers out of business.

 

The RIC is aimed by the Federal Government to alleviate that wasteful situation, do you agree?

A.    Yes?

B.    No?

C.    Maybe?

D.    Do not care?

Please leave a comment to enhance the discussion on the RIC and agriculture business in Australia!

作者AuthorRoger Hausmann – Federal Parliamentary Journalist澳洲联邦记者

本文翻译Translator:周吉吉Julie

本文编辑Editor:周吉吉Julie、千千Coco