双语|人才签证-移民局的新吸金签证吗?Talent Visa just a money grab?

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双语|人才签证-移民局的新吸金签证吗?Talent Visa just a money grab?
前言
今年7月1日将试行一项新的签证计划,以吸引高技能的全球人才,为澳大利亚带来创新。有趣的是,这是一次试行,它并不意味着对澳大利亚创新信心的十足认可,而是来自工党,这个反对党的剧本,之后我会在文章中解释这点。

政府承认,在全球范围内,高科技人才的竞争非常激烈,吸引这些人才有助于向澳大利亚工人传授技能,并促进澳大利亚企业的发展。我认为,在这里说得精英主义一点并不会太过分,所以称他们为专业人士而不是工人可能更合适。毕竟,到澳大利亚来当一名工人可能没有那么大的吸引力。

这样的政策总是看起来不错,但要真正吸引人才,整体政策框架和商业环境也必须是有益的。澳大利亚的市场规模相对较小,而如果要做真正的创新,它们都应该具有世界性的发展潜力。基于这样的背景,澳大利亚品牌及其定位也很重要,而做到品牌和定位的一致性是关键。在全球化的互联网世界中,消费者很难会有信息差,因此,通顺的逻辑是任何赢得争论的关键。

创新并不是一件通过命令就能达到的东西,而支持创新是可以的,但这意味着能够认识到创新,然而这本身就意味着创新。政府能做到这一点,让许多观察家感到困惑。许多愤世嫉俗者会说,这只是赚钱的多种方式。

拟议的全球人才计划试点将由两部分组成
年营业额超过400万澳元的老牌企业将能够担保高技能和经验丰富的个人,为他们提供18万澳元以上收入的职位。雇主们需要能够证明,他们优先雇用澳大利亚人,并且,他们所担保的人将会为澳大利亚工人带来新技术。

不知道为什么这与创新有关?
赞助企业必须有招聘和培训澳大利亚人的记录。以技术为基础的创业型企业也将能够为有专业技术并且拥有经验的人进行职位担保。

初创企业需要得到一个初创认证机构的认可,并证明他们是优先雇用澳大利亚人的。

在这两种情况下,为期四年的临时技能短缺签证将在三年后获得永久居留申请资格
政府将在未来几个月就该计划的细节进行进一步磋商,并于2018年7月1日开始试行,为期12个月。一个行业咨询小组将为该次试行提供持续的指导。公民和多元文化事务部部长Alan Tudge说,这项新计划承认全球人才需求量很大,我们需要为澳大利亚企业提供得到资源的途径。

他说,政府希望确保澳大利亚企业能够获得世界上最优秀的人才,因为这将支撑业务增长、技能转移和创造就业机会。在所有阶段,澳大利亚人都将被优先考虑得到雇佣,但如果由于申请者缺乏技能和经验,我们则希望能够吸引到海外的相应人才。这是正在进行的政府技术移民改革计划的一部分,在确保澳大利亚人优先考虑雇佣澳大利亚人的情况下,但同时也承认,这个国家也缺乏一些特殊技术人才。

工作和创新签证?
就业与创新部长Michaelia Cash表示,新计划将特别帮助到不断增长的创新领域的澳洲雇主们,帮助他们创造更多的澳洲就业机会。行业数据显示,可进行全球工作、高技能和有经验的员工可以成为澳大利亚企业“一人多角”的员工,他们可以帮助企业雇佣更多当地员工,并填补关键领域的需求。另一方面,反对党工党在2017年5月宣布,在工党执政的政府工作情况下,工党将为科学、医学、学术、研究和技术领域最优秀、最聪明的海外人才提供4年的SMART Visa智能签证。

工党的说法!
工党的新智能签证意味着,世界各地最优秀、最聪明的人才将有机会在澳大利亚发展自己的创新想法,他们将为教育工作者、创新者和拥有全球声望的研究人员提供永久居留权。工党现在声称,在过去10个多月后,谭宝和他的保守党同盟终于宣布一项“全球人才计划试点”,来迎头赶上并追随工党的脚步。

谭宝的计划只是一个试行,而且政府自己承认,他们还没有最终确定试行计划的详细信息,包括可以提供的签证数量,或者他们将提供哪些具体的工作。

只有工党,才能确保澳大利亚仍然在医疗、科学研究和高科技产业内保持世界领导者的角色,并且能够接触到世界上最优秀的人才。

至少两个主要政党都同意创新是重要的,在尊重移民方面,对澳大利亚企业的成功至关重要。问题在于,这些签证选择是否将使一个复杂的系统更难驾驭还是有助于其发展?而另一个问题则是潜在的互相矛盾的规则、准则和有关金钱的问题。

 

『原文』

Talent Visa just a money grab?

A new visa scheme to attract highly skilled global talent and deliver innovation to Australia will be piloted from 1 July of this year. 

The interesting part here is that it is a pilot, not exactly a ringing endorsement of confidence for innovative Australia, and something out of Labor’s, the Opposition’s play book, but more about that later.

 

The Government recognises there is fierce competition globally for high-tech skills and talent, and that attracting these people helps to transfer skills to Australian workers and grow Australian-based businesses. Being a bit elitist I think would not hurt, so calling them professionals rather than workers may be more appropriate. After all, coming to Australia just to be a worker may not have that much appeal.

 

In isolation such policies always look good but to really attract talent the overall framework and business conditions have to be conducive as well. The Australian market is relatively small and most innovation should have world potential if it is true innovation. Based on such a background the brand Australia and its positioning are also important and here consistency is key. In a globalised, internet, world it is almost impossible to have different messaging for local or global consumption so logic is key to any winning argument one would think.

 

Innovation is not something one can mandate, support for innovation yes, but that means being able to recognise it, that is innovation, in the first place. The concept that a Government could do that leaves many observers bemused. Many cynics would say this is just about more ways of getting money into an economy.

 

The proposed Global Talent Scheme pilot will consist of two components.

Established businesses with an annual turnover of more than $4 million will be able to sponsor highly skilled and experienced individuals for positions with earnings above $180,000 into Australia.

 

The employers will need to be able to demonstrate that they prioritise the employment of Australians and that there will be skills transfer to Australian workers as a result of the person being granted a visa.

 

Not sure why that matters if it is about innovation? 

The sponsoring business must have a track record of hiring and training Australians.

 

Technology-based and STEM-related start-up businesses will also be able to sponsor experienced people with specialised technology skills.

 

Start-ups will need to be recognised by a start-up authority and demonstrate that they prioritise the employment of Australians.

 

In the both instances, a four-year Temporary Skill Shortage visa will be issued with permanent residence applications available after three years!

 

The Government will consult further on the details of the scheme over the next few months, before piloting it for 12 months, starting 1 July 2018. An industry advisory group will provide ongoing guidance for the pilot.

 

Minister for Citizenship and Multicultural Affairs, Alan Tudge said that the new scheme is recognition that global talent is in high demand and we need to provide pathways for Australian businesses to access this.

 

The Government wants to ensure that Australian businesses can access the best talent in the world, because this will underpin business growth, skills transfer and job creation, Minister Tudge said. At all stages, Australians are prioritised for the jobs, but where the skills and experience are not available here, we want to be able to attract talent from overseas.

This is part of the ongoing reforms to the Government’s skilled visa programs to ensure that Australians have priority for Australian jobs, but acknowledge that there are times when the skills are not available in the country.

 

Jobs and Innovation by Visa?

Minister for Jobs and Innovation, Michaelia Cash said the new scheme will particularly help Australian employers in our growing innovation sector and help them to create more Australian jobs. Industry figures say globally mobile, highly skilled and experienced staff can act as ‘job multipliers’ in Australian businesses, helping them to hire more local staff and fill critical areas of need.

 

The Opposition, Labor (the alternative Government) on the other hand claims, in May 2017, Labor led the way by announcing that in Government Labor would establish a four-year SMART visa for the best and brightest overseas talent in Science, Medicine, Academia, Research and Technology.

 

Labor Take!

Labor’s new SMART visa would mean the best and brightest talent from around the world would have the opportunity to develop their ideas in Australia, with a pathway to permanent residency for educators, innovators and researchers of a global standing.

 

Labor now claims, over ten months later, Turnbull and his conservatives are playing catch up and following Labor’s lead by announcing a “Global Talent Scheme Pilot”.

 

Turnbull’s scheme is only a pilot, and by the Government’s own admission, they haven’t finalised the details of the pilot including the number of visas set to be made available or which specific jobs they’ll be available for.

 

Only Labor, it claims, will ensure Australia remains a world-leader with medical, scientific research, and high-tech industries having access to the very best minds from around the world.

 

At least both major parties agree innovation is important and in respects to migration can be critical for Australian businesses to succeed. The question is whether these Visa options really help or make a complex system even more difficult to navigate. The other problem is the potentially contradictory rules, guidelines and the question of money.

 

How do you view the Talent or SMART Visa?

 

A.    Makes sense, is good?

B.    Seems like a scam?

C.     Open to corruption?

D.    Too complex?

E.     Unnecessary?

 

Please try to leave a talented comment!

 

本文翻译Translator:周吉吉Julie本文编辑Editor:千千Coco