双语|澳洲总理访问英国之旅The Australian PM in the UK

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双语|澳洲总理访问英国之旅The Australian PM in the UK
前言

在特蕾莎·布拉泽嫁给了菲利普·梅之前,他们早已是谭宝和露西在牛津大学的好朋友,他们彼此已经认识了40多年,也正如你们所知道的,澳大利亚和英国有着非常亲密的关系。澳大利亚人和英国人从一个国家移居到另一个国家,在过去的200多年里,他们生活得非常安逸,而且非常舒适。世界上没有什么地方比英国更让澳大利亚人感到宾至如归。两国公民在许多情况下有着非凡的共同价值观、共同的历史、共同的祖先。
 回到1948年?
在1948年,曼兹(澳大利亚自由党的创始人)说,英国的边界不是在肯特郡海岸,而是在倒卡吉尔和约克角。他所讲的新西兰的倒卡吉尔。当时即将卸任的英国-澳大利亚高级专员亚历克斯•唐纳(Alex Downer)对鲍勃•曼兹(Bob Menzies)的印象非常好。澳洲是一个完全不同的地方,但澳大利亚人认为自己是在另一个地理位置上的英国人,当然,所有的政治现实都发生了变化。几年前的高等法院决定,出于宪法的目的,英国公民应被视为外国人。不过,澳大利亚国旗仍然反映了英国女王作为国家元首的身份,尽管她拥有的是不同的王冠。在澳洲政坛发展的过去几十年间,将英国公民定义为外国人的决定并无人问津提及,然而,因为某些原因,在去年也就是2017,突然被大肆宣传并放大。导致大约15%有着“外国人”身份的参议员和众议院议员代表不得不离职发展新职业。这些都是让澳大利亚宪法的创立者感到惊讶的事情。

事实?
现实是,不论是在家庭、文化、历史还是价值观等方面,很难找到这样两个如此接近的国家了。除了北约和欧盟国之外,澳大利亚也是唯一一个驱逐俄罗斯外交官的国家,以抗议英国本土的索尔斯伯里(Salisbury)令人震惊的神经毒剂袭击事件。澳大利亚总理承认,正如英国首相所做的那样,面对那些目无纪法的人,所有人都必须表现出绝对的团结。在维护法治社会安定的情况下进行经济增长,才是带来繁荣的唯一途径。当然,在这些过程中,难免会有波动和不完美。
尊重法治
尊重法治,尊重小国的权利,正如新加坡的李光耀(Lee Kuan Yew)所描述的那样,就像虾和小鱼不能被大鱼吃掉一样。正是这一点使我们取得了如此多的进步,无论是在国内还是在国际上,这都是是法律和法治的价值观。那么未来呢?在英国退欧后的环境中,英国和澳大利亚之间的贸易和投资机会将会更大。
TPP12
英国将不得不更广泛地向世界其他国家伸出援助之手。利亚姆•福克斯(Liam Fox)谈到了英国政府对于加入《跨太平洋伙伴关系(TPP) 11》(Trans-Pacific Partnership,简称TPP)非常感兴趣,也许会把它带到12个国家。TPP 11是澳大利亚与其紧密合作伙伴日本,在外交上取得的一个非凡成就。当然,TPP在美国退出后看起来就像一只死鸭。许多报纸专栏作家和政治评论家都认为它已经死了,但作为拥有国家利益的主权国家,澳大利亚和日本却坚持这样做,因此我们现在有了一个跨太平洋合作伙伴关系TPP,并成功吸引一个又一个国家有兴趣重新加入。澳大利亚总理谭宝说,目前澳大利亚的就业增长非常强劲,投资增长非常强劲;澳大利亚不接受任何保护主义的诱惑。保护主义不是走出低增长陷阱的阶梯,而是会导致问题更加深陷其中的大铲子。由于贸易的影响,澳大利亚的就业增长势头强劲。

特里萨•梅(Theresa May)和她的政府也认同这一观点。在英国退欧之后,她希望英国变得更加全球化,更加开放贸易。让英国再次成为一个放眼全世界的国家,而不仅仅是一个欧洲国家。这是一个大胆的愿景,也是英国人民做出的离开欧盟的勇敢决定。

接下来,澳大利亚总理将访问欧洲大陆,看看他是否会改变他对英国的一些问题的看法。

『原文』The Australian PM in the UK
Before one Theresa Brazier married Philip May. They were very good friends of Malcolm Turnbull and Lucy (born Lucinda Mary Hughes) in Oxford, so they have known each other for over 40 years and have had, as you all may have, the experience of the extraordinary closeness between Australia and the United Kingdom (UK). Australians and Brits move from one country to the other and have done for over 200 years with enormous ease and enormous comfort.There is nowhere in the world where Australians feel more at home than the United Kingdom it is said. Citizens of the two nations have extraordinary shared values, shared history, shared family in many cases.

 

Back to the future in 1948?

It was back in 1948 Menzies (the founder of the Liberal Party of Australia) said, the boundaries of Britain, the UK, are not on the Kentish coast but at Invercargill and Cape York. This is Invercargill, New Zealand he was talking about. Alex Downer, the outgoing Australian High Commissioner to the UK, remembers Bob Menzies very well.

 

It was a different world. But Australians saw themselves as being British in another geography and that of course, all of those political realities, changed. The High Court quite a few years ago, decided that people who were citizens of the United Kingdom were foreigners for the purpose of the Constitution. However, the Australian flag still reflects the UK as does the Queen we share as head of state despite a different crown.

 

The determination of UK citizens being foreigners lay sleeping for many decades under the pavement of Australian politics and then for some reason known to others sprang out last year, 2017, and now got to the point where about 15 percent of the Senate have found their way onto new careers and a number of members of the House Representatives as well. So, these are all things that would have amazed the founders of Australia’s Constitution.

 

Reality?

But the reality is that you could not find two countries closer in every respect. Family, culture, history and values. Australia was the sole country, outside of NATO and the EU, that expelled Russian diplomats in response to the shocking nerve agent attack in Salisbury, on British soil.

 

The Australian PM recognises as UK Prime Minister May does, that all must show absolute solidarity in the face of lawlessness. The only thing that enables the prosperity, the extraordinary growth around the world has been the maintenance of the rule of law. With fluctuations and imperfections of course.

 

Rule of Law! 

Respect for the rule of law, respect for the rights of small countries, as Lee Kuan Yew, from Singapore, would have described them, as the shrimps and the little fish not being able to be gobbled up by the big fish at their whim. That is what has enabled so much progress and they’re the values of the law and the rule of law both domestically and internationally.

Now what of the future? In a post Brexit environment, even greater opportunities for trade and investment between the United Kingdom and Australia beckon.

TPP 12?

The United Kingdom will perforce have to reach out ever more widely to the rest of the world. Liam Fox talked about the very keen interest the UK Government has in joining the Trans-Pacific Partnership (TPP) 11 to maybe take it to 12. The TPP 11 was a singular diplomatic success on Australia’s part and partner Japan, with whom Australia worked very closely.

 

The TPP, of course, looked like it was an absolute dead duck after the USA pulled out. Many newspaper columnists and political opponents called it dead, but as sovereign nations with national interests Australia and Japan stuck with it and so we now have a TPP and we have one country after another interested in re-joining it.

 

The Australian PM Turnbull said at the moment Australia is enjoying very strong jobs growth, very strong investment growth; not accepting the lure of protectionism. Protectionism is not a ladder to get out of the low growth trap but in fact a great big shovel to dig it a lot deeper. Knowing the strong jobs growth enjoyed in Australia is in large measure because of trade.

 

Theresa May and her government share that vision. She, in the wake of Brexit, wants Britain to be even more global, even more open to trade. To once again become a nation that looks to the whole world and not just to Europe. Now that’s a bold vision and a courageous decision taken by the British people to leave the European Union.

 

The Australian PM will visit continental Europe next, it will be interesting to see if he changes his mind on some of the issues canvased in the UK.

 

How do you see the future of the UK Australia relationship?

 

A.    Getting Stronger?

B.    Getting Weaker?

C.     Staying the same?

 

Please help with making some comments, your opinion counts!

本文翻译Translator:千千Coco本文编辑Editor:千千Coco