双语|澳大利亚的国家利益究竟是什么?National Interest, Australia’s voice in China?

0
分享
双语|澳大利亚的国家利益究竟是什么?National Interest, Australia’s voice in China?
在澳大利亚,我们是少数亲华媒体之一。对于那些希望限制乃至消除中国影响力的人来说,我们显然是不可信任的。这对中国非常不利。我们为什么不从人类同理心和理性的角度思考一下双方的共同利益和挑战呢?或许我们应该更多地宣传中国和澳大利亚已经同意举行(或者至少希望同意举行)的年度战略对话。毕竟,为了实现切实的成果,我们必须付出实际行动。但距离实现切实的成果我们似乎还有很长的路要走,因为太多的不确定因素导致了双方的不作为。
澳联社会定期举办食品和农业论坛,并邀请很多外国人士参加,包括中国人。在我们筹备下一届澳联社食品和农业论坛期间,我(Roger Hausmann)和副总理Michael McCormack(国家党)探讨了最近的情况。他表示,如果澳大利亚仍然欢迎中国投资,那么澳大利亚将欢迎所有的外国投资,只要这些外国投资符合澳大利亚的国家利益。我认为,这意味着我们需要严肃地讨论“国家利益”究竟意味着什么。
或许只是我们本能的自私心理或者所谓目光短浅的国家利益,给澳大利亚人以及我们的中国朋友和对手造成了困惑。

一方面,中国是澳大利亚最大的贸易伙伴,也是世界最大的经济体之一。

另一方面,不管澳大利亚人喜欢与否,中国是一个共产主义国家。尽管如此,中国依然是澳大利亚商品和服务(比如教育)的最大进口国。

对华贸易让澳大利亚的经济变得更加强大了,澳大利亚人现在想要站起来,澳大利亚人已经站起来了。因为澳大利亚人意识到,两国存在一些冲突的价值观。因此,为了保护国家利益和国家安全,澳大利亚需要采取措施限制中国,以及任何试图影响澳大利亚政治体系的国家。为了实现这个目的,澳大利亚实施了新的立法。

澳大利亚目前是君主立宪制,同时也是一个由很多州和领地组成的联邦国家。考虑澳大利亚会不会成为一个共和国似乎并不重要。澳大利亚最高法院最近才刚刚判定,要采取合理的步骤废除外国公民担任联邦议员的权利。

Bob Katter议员指出,这会让很多有欧洲或者中国背景的澳大利亚人无法担任联邦议员。

Turnbull-McCormack政府现在意识到了这个问题,西澳州自由党参议员Linda Reynolds领导下的一个委员会正在调查相关事务。

目前,澳洲高校委员会(Universities Australia)正在敦促议会支持Turnbull-McCormack政府对《外国影响透明度法案》的修正案,这是一项新的立法。

澳洲高校委员会表示,该修正案是为了追踪外国政府对澳大利亚的影响,成千上万名和国际学者合作进行顶尖研究的澳大利亚学者将会受到影响。澳大利亚和国际伙伴在尖端技术方面的合作也会受到重大影响。

以上例子很好地说明,没有经过深思熟虑的立法会产生意料之外的副作用。

我很快意识到,我们需要进行更加深刻和细致地讨论,在澳大利亚的民主体制中,国家利益究竟意味着什么,以及如何在民主体制下管理好我们的国家利益,确保所有的利益相关者都能参与其中。

 

有任何评论,请留言发表你的观点!

或发邮件至info@AustralianInsider.com,期待你的来信!

 

 『原文』 In the National Interest, AustralianInsider, Australia’s voice in China?

In Australia we have apparently in one corner Panda huggers, that cannot be trusted and Panda confiners, if not exterminators in the other, driven by greed and fear as many believe. Poor Pandas, in either scenario. What about some human empathy and rational thought for our common interests and challenges? Maybe we should publicise more the annual strategic dialog that Australia and China have, or at least are meant to have agreed to have. In the end genuine human action is needed to achieve results with tangible outcomes. It seems we are far from that, with uncertainties the reason for inaction if not paralysis despite or because of lots of analysis.AustralianInsider runs regular forums on Food & Agriculture with a lot of international participants, including Chinese. In the lead up to AustralianInsider’s next forum on Food & Agriculture, I recently talked with the Deputy Prime Minister, Michael McCormack MP (National) about the current rhetoric, and if Chinese Investment was still welcome, he answered all investment is welcome provided it is in the national interest.To me this means we have to have a serious discussion what it means, this phrase, in the national interest!

Maybe it is just our natural selfishness and or perceived narrow short term national interest, having total control forever, that creates confusion and chaos in our own minds and the minds of our fellow Chinese, friends and foes?

On the one side our biggest trading partner and arguably one of the largest economies in the world is the Peoples Republic of China (PRC).

On the other side, like it or not, the PRC is a communist country and that fact has not stopped us making it one of the biggest customers for our commodities exports and more recently services like education.

Having grown richer from that trade, we now want to stand up, we have stood up, having realised there may be some values we do not share. Therefore, in the national interest, security domain, we need to act against China and anyone else for that matter that may try to influence our political system. So, let’s deal with it by enacting new legislation!

The fact that Australia presently is a Constitutional Monarchy, a federation of States and Territories contemplating to ask ourselves again if we may want to become a Republic seems not to matter in this argument. Nor that our High Court has discovered and ruled on only recently what it means, to take reasonable steps to renounce any foreign citizenship or rights to such, to be eligible to sit in Federal Parliament.

As Bob Katter MP (KAP) pointed out, that makes many Australian’s ineligible, many of which are of European and or Chinese background.

The Turnbull McCormack Government now realises that problem and Senator Linda Reynolds CSC, (Liberal) WA, is chairing a parliamentary committee looking into these matters.

Currently Universities Australia urges the Parliament to support the Turnbull McCormack Government’s amendments to the proposed Foreign Influence Transparency Scheme; new laws.

Universities Australia states that the first draft of the legislation, intended to keep track of the influence of foreign governments in Australia would have captured thousands of academics collaborating on world-leading research with international colleagues. This would have placed significant new red tape and restrictions on Australia’s efforts to work with international partners on cutting-edge technologies.

The above example is a good illustration of unexpected side effects of laws that are not well thought through.

It has become clear, very quickly to me, we need a more informed and nuanced debate in our Australian democracy as to what national interest mans and how we manage it in our democratic system to ensure all stakeholders are involved.

Please send your comments to info@AustralianInsider.com

Roger Hausmann

Do you agree with the Government Leadership team, that the Australia China relationship is…?

A: Just Fine

B: Will recover by itself

C: Needs to be addressed

作者Author:Roger Hausmann/Federal Parliamentary Journalist澳洲联邦记者本文翻译Translator:周吉吉Julie本文编辑Editor:周吉吉Julie